Everything You Need to Make Bread

Fresh, homemade bread is one of life's simple pleasures. It's warming, comforting, and delicious, and there's nothing quite like the aroma that fills your kitchen as it bakes.

Fresh, homemade bread is one of life's simple pleasures. It's warming, comforting, and delicious, and there's nothing quite like the aroma that fills your kitchen as it bakes. However, for first-time bakers or those new to bread making, it can seem like a challenging task. But, with the right tools and a few basic ingredients, anyone can create perfect loaves of bread right in their own home. In this blog post, we'll cover everything you need to make bread – from ingredients and tools to techniques and tips.



Like most baked goods, the key to great bread is using high-quality ingredients. Here's a list of everything you'll need:


The foundation of any good loaf of bread is its flour. While you can technically use any type of flour, it's always best to use high-quality bread flour which is rich in gluten. This will give you a dough that is easy to work with, and once baked, has a chewy texture and crisp crust.


Water is another crucial ingredient in bread making. It's what forms the gluten network, hydrates the dough, and helps create the structure of the bread. Use water that's at room temperature or slightly warm, but not hot.


Yeast is a living organism that ferments the sugars in the bread dough and creates carbon dioxide, which makes the bread rise. While there are different types of yeast, such as instant yeast, active dry yeast and fresh yeast, it's best to start with active dry yeast.


Salt doesn't just add flavor; it also strengthens the gluten and helps the bread rise properly. Use coarse salt or sea salt, which dissolves easily in the dough.


While sugar isn't always necessary, it can help feed the yeast and promote faster fermentation. Use a small amount of granulated sugar or honey.



To make bread at home, you don't need an arsenal of professional baking equipment. However, there are a few key tools that will make the process easier.

Mixing Bowl

A large mixing bowl is essential for mixing and kneading the dough. Make sure it's big enough to hold all of the ingredients and leaves enough room for the bread to rise.

Measuring Cups and Spoons

Accurate measuring is crucial to successful bread making. Invest in a set of measuring cups and a set of measuring spoons to ensure you use the right amount of ingredients.

Dough Scraper

A dough scraper is a handy tool for scraping dough off the surface when kneading, cleaning up messes and scooping up ingredients.

Bread Pan

While it's not necessary to have a bread pan, it's an excellent tool for shaping the dough into a loaf before baking.


Techniques and Tips

With your ingredients and tools on hand, it's time to get started. Here are some tips for creating perfect bread:


Kneading is the process of working the dough to develop gluten, which helps create structure in the bread. To knead, fold the dough in half, push down with the palms of your hands and turn the dough 90 degrees. Repeat this process until the dough feels smooth and elastic. This process takes about 10-12 minutes.


Once you've kneaded the dough, you need to let it rise. Cover the dough with a damp towel to keep it from drying out and let it rise for 1-2 hours, or until it's doubled in size.


After the dough has risen, it's time to shape it into a loaf. Gently pull the sides of the dough toward the bottom, tucking them under the loaf. Place the dough into a bread pan or on a baking sheet.


Preheat your oven to 450F. To create steam, pour a cup of boiling water into a shallow pan and place it in the oven while preheating. This will create steam inside the oven, which gives your bread a crisp crust. Bake for about 35-45 minutes or until the bread is lightly golden brown and sounds hollow when tapped on the bottom.


Final Thoughts

With these tips, ingredients, and tools at your disposal, you're ready to start making your own delicious bread at home. Don't be intimidated; once you get the hang of it, you'll never want to go back to store-bought bread again. So get your apron on, roll up your sleeves, and start baking your way to delicious homemade bread.

Cooking Guild
Cooking Guild

The Cooking Guild was created out of a passion for the art of knife-making and a love of cooking. Our blacksmiths have 20 years of experience in hand-forging bespoke kitchen knives.

We truly believe that a high quality knife changes the cooking experience. After using a dull knife for many years, I couldn’t believe the difference when I finally switched. Chopping, slicing and preparing ingredients is so much more satisfying with a screamingly sharp, well-balanced and high quality knife.